The three brothers of Appeals came before a dinner table on the night of inheritance. Father Appeals questioned the three brothers as to why they deserve his precious inheritance. This very moment is when a character that will harmonize the world in time of danger will arise.
The first to speak was Logos answering, “Well father, it is logical for me to take over your inheritance for I am the first born of the family.” The father nodded his head and gave a little squint for that wasn’t quite a giving answer. He said, “To how many people have you shared the goodness of this life?” Logos replied, “Of course to every scholar who knows logic.” Father appeals hastened to calm brother Logos and continued.
Father appeals asked, “Ethos, what give you the right of my inheritance?” Ethos replied,”Father I am the strongest of us. Definitely I shall take after your possessions.” Father appeals replied, “What does strength have to do with carrying out the goodness of words?” “Father if you have power, you can control over the weak minds!” Father appeals also did not see the worthiness in Ethos.
Lastly the youngest of them all, Pathos was called by Father Appeals. Pathos seemed shy and worried for his love to his brothers was too great. “Pathos, what have you done to deserve my blessing?” Pathos gently whispered, “Father Appeals, I do not deserve anything. Without my brothers I wouldn’t be alive to give happiness to a baby through smile of their mothers, or bring two lovers in one harmony, or leave memories of the past in people’s mind.” When Father Appeals heard this little Pathos, he burst into tears, hugging, smudging his grouchy cheeks against Pathos’s silk baby cheeks and said, “Pathos you have done what your brother’s cannot do! You can give emotions to our family’s name. You can give love, anger, sorrow, anything you want to express!” Pathos did not know how to accept this love from Father Appeals.
From that moment on, Father Appeals took Pathos and sat on this right shoulders singing and dancing until the dinner was silenced. But from the inner hearts of his brothers, rushing rage rose against Pathos.
“The purpose of an angument shouldn’t be victory, but progress”. You have agruments in everyday social life and probadly don’t even realize it. The most popular argument right now is whether the 49ers or Raven will win Superbowl 47. This may be stated with personal opinion because of fan beliefs,but only few people have looked at the facts about how the 49ers have a strong, solid, offense with a good quarterback or that the Ravens fired their old offensive coordinator and got a better one. With facts like these one could make a strong point about either team with a bit of logic. Aristole emphasied this as one of the key tools in a successful agrument. Aristole believed humans were logical at the core and would respond better to an argument with more reasoning. This is true because you wouldn’t listen very long to a person who is babbling along about why they feel solar energy is better than wind energy, you’d tune them out! If a person comes with strong evidence that has credibility and makes their point that we should switch to solar enegry over wind, you are more likely to vote in their favor. Emotional appeal is also a great way to give an argument backbone. Pathos can be tricky though because emotion coulds judgement, and when in a debate, you don’t want to lose your cool. Agruing isn’t nessacarily fighting, it is a sharing of two different opinions trying to persuade someone to your point of view. Winning isn’t everything in this instance. Ethos is another strong tool because if you are seen as a good debater or normally create persuavive arguments, many people are already eager to hear what you have to say. They know its going be well presented and get them to join your side. Don’t begin with winning in mind, begin with proving a point.
Agruments connect people in communication everyday. Some are more heated and violent that others, but arguing shouldn’t be about winning. It should focus more on trying to see eye to eye.
“Any woman who is sure of her own wits, is a match, at any time, for a man who is not sure of his own temper.” – Wilkie Collins The Woman in White
To say that I love arguing and/or debating would be a complete understatement. But then again what woman doesn’t? Kirszner and Mandell define an argument as “Taking a stand and present evidence that helps to convince people to accept your position.” Many people avoid arguments because they fear entering conflict with other individuals, but thats the beauty of it. It allows you to not only express your view and your ideas, but also to see how other individuals view the same topic. And often times you gain more information by having formal arguments with other individuals. My main reason and motivation for arguing is persuading others to view the topic at hand the same as me. When entering formal arguments we must keep two things in mind. First, always keep the argument formal, never informal. It is ok to be passionate about the subject that you are debating about, but never let your emotions take control of the argument (quarrel), and never attack your opponet and promote propaganda. Second, always keep the argument informative and state facts. Never throw out information simply because it sounds good. Mkae sure the information is factual and reasonable. I disagree with one of Aristotle’s means of persuassion. Pathos is a method of persuassion used to appeal to human’s emotions, but human emotion is always changing. So there is no way to appeal to every human’s emotions.
As college students we often times enter more informal arguments than formal. Even in professional arguments. As humans we are emotion based and that will never change. For it is apart of our human nature. In an argument just always remember to present your stand, and provide knowledgeable information, and DETOUR YOUR OPPONENT AND ALL THEIR BELIEVERS.
I don’t like to argue, partly because I don’t like the confrontation that usually comes with it. The definition of argument is (1) an exchange of diverging or opposite views, typically a heated or angry one, and (2) A reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong. The main reason most arguments end up “heated or angry” is because logic gets thrown out the window and emotions rule. One lesson I learned from my single mom is emotions limit our ability to rationalize and think through a situation. Therefore, in order to “persuade others” to our point of view, we need to have a rational discussion about all of the facts, both for and against, free from our emotions. Unfortunately, when we are passionate about something, keeping our emotions in check is difficult. It’s also difficult to accept that it’s not about winning or losing. Per the reading assignment, “the best an argument can do is convince other people to accept (or at least acknowledge) the validation of a position.” When arguing our point of view, if we can get others to at least have an open mind to our position, then we have succeeded. Just throwing out a bunch of facts will not persuade others. It’s about knowing what those facts mean and organizing them into a logical thought process. It’s a process that requires thinking and common sense, both of which are severely lacking in our society today. Many people today don’t take the time to think through the issues; instead they make emotional and irrational decisions. So, the next time you want to persuade someone to your point of view, put emotion aside and think rationally.
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“I’m right and you’re wrong so shut up!” Without denial, these thoughts have gone through the minds of average Americans at least once. Why do we feel the need to “win” or “be right”? First of all, our society today promotes entitlement. For example, turn on the TV and there are plenty of advertisements for cars, hair products, phones etc. that encourage the purchase of their products because you “deserve” it. Also, there is the cultural nudge to be yourself, please yourself, and live for yourself. Very rarely do people earn high social status by being considerate of others; in fact it is quite the opposite. Nowadays people headline in the news for specifically being rude, causing conflict, and claiming to be right. This fame is not meant to encourage wrong behavior; nevertheless, it remains an obvious way to gain the attention of others on a global scale. Although it has been several years, it is not difficult to recall the Tiger Woods scandal, Kanye West interruption, John and Kate Plus Eight catastrophe, or even the more recent Lance Armstrong ordeal. Sadly, these stories have been so well spread that most everyone knows about them while hardly anyone recalls the young boy who jumped in front of a car and saved his little brother’s life.
We do care about heartfelt stories, but we would much rather dive in to the latest debatable incident. If we are going to argue in the first place, then why insist upon frivolous disputes instead of logical arguments? According to Kirszner and Mandell, “even if you establish that an opponent’s position is wrong, you still have to establish that your own position has merit by presenting evidence to support it” in order to create a successful academic argument. This is where change needs to happen. We should replace traditional quarrels with academic arguments. If we as a culture discard the mindset that we deserve to have a say, we are entitled to input, and that our opinion is most important, maybe we could get out of our own way and reach productive solutions.
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“Perhaps the best way to begin is by explaining what argument is not. An argument is not a quarrel.” When first reading over this subject matter, the first thought to enter my mind was a shouting match, today’s style of arguing. When I think of an argument I envision two people shouting at each other, belittling one another, and thinking of their next response instead of listening to what the other is saying. Arguing is often portrayed in movies, television, and even books. Arguing is a natural part of every day life. Even when I talk with my friends, I tend to “argue” with them over sports, schooling, family, friends, whatever it may be. However I think it is wrong that academic arguing has turned into unproductive shouting. I believe that is what arguing has come to in our society today. Think back a couple of months ago and we will have an excellent example of the lack of academic arguing. We had a large event take place only a few months ago, the presidential debate. The main theme of the debate seemed to be how the presidential candidates seemed to only criticize, belittle, and insult one another. Instead of learning about the candidates viewpoints and standing on certain aspects, I saw two candidates do nothing but belittle the each other. Another example of what academic arguments have come to can simply be found in your next class. You may know what I am talking about, those classes where a simple discussion seems to turn into a heated argument, which in turn ends up one person making fun of another in front of everyone, solely because their opinions differ. I have seen this happen in many classes while attending college. The worst part however, is that I tend to stay quiet during these arguments, and choose to stay out of these debates. I think if people would use a little more logos or ethos, and a little less pathos, a lot more respect would not only be given but also received. I think many people would greatly benefit from taking a different approach to arguing. If people learned to listen, think, and use Aristotle’s method of persuasion in an argument I know a lot more would get accomplished in every aspect of life.