Logical Fallacies occur when people become lazy in their thinking and opt for what comes to their minds first. People can use these fallacies for just about anything during a normal day. If you think that all librarians are mean old ladies with beak noses who just like to shush little kids you’ve committed a logical fallacy. It’s hard not to do this, your brain starts committing fallacies seconds after your first thought. It takes recognizing these thoughts, putting them in the back of your mind, and using your logic to figure out what is right and what is wrong.
There are lots of logical fallacies, but ad hominem, hasty generalization, and slippery slope are, in my opinion, committed most often. The book describes ad hominem (against the person) as “the fallacy of personal attack,” this is used as a desperation argument tactic. We’ve all been in that argument where you start to run out of material to use so you start verbally attacking the person your arguing with. You leave what you were arguing about to personally hurt your opponent because you know you’re about to lose. This fallacy is used frequently in political ads. Hasty generalization is one of the most used fallacies. “A fallacy of induction in which someone jumps to a broad conclusion based on too little evidence,” is how the book describes a hasty generalization. Just think about how many times you judge a person by their appearance, it happens a lot. When you think of specific jobs you already have an image of what a person working that job should look like. This isn’t something that can be fixed overnight; it takes a diligent mind to overcome this fallacy. Like hasty generalization, slippery slope is committed a lot during a normal day. The book describes this as “a false appeal to fear,” this is another tactic used by politician. This is a great way to grab someone’s attention. You would listen if someone said “You need to vote for me or this country will die”, I don’t agree that this should be used, but it is a good way to make sure people are listening. Logical Fallacies are committed every day, it takes a good logical mind not to commit them.